What Is A Pot Chance?
The Odds pot represents a ratio between the size of the total pot and bet size facing you. Keep in mind that the total pot size includes bets made in this round. For example, if there is $ 2 in the pot and bet of your opponent $ 1, the possibility of your pot 3 to 1. In other words, you have to pay 1/3 of the pan to have the opportunity to win the entire pan. Pot opportunities are the basis of mathematics to call the situation in poker. Without them, we will not be able to know that which call is profitable and not.
Note: You can also use ‘:’ to separate values, such as 3: 1.
How To Calculate The Step-By-Step Odds Pot
Suppose the pot is $ 100 and your opponents bet $ 50, make a total pot $ 150. This means you get 150: 50 calls, which can be simplified to 3: 1 From there, you will want to change your pot chances into a percentage so you know exactly how much equity you need your hands to benefit bets. Let’s discuss the process of 3 quick steps to convert the possibility of your pot into a percentage.
Step 1: Calculate the last pot size if you call.
First, you need to find out what the size of the pot if you call a bet. In this case, the total pot is $ 150 and $ 50 to call, so the pot will be $ 200 ($ 150 total pot + call your $ 50) if you call.
We will refer to this number as the final pan.
Step 2: Divide the size of the call to the final pan size.
In this case, which comes out to 0.25 (call size $ 50 / $ 200 in the size of the final pot).
Step 3: multiply by 100 to get a percentage. Now, it is quite double 0.25 by 100 to change the decimal into a percentage. It’s 25% (0.25 * 100) in this case. This means that, when you call, you need to win more than 25% of the time to benefit. The next step is to assess whether your specific hand has at least 25% equity versus your opponent’s range. I will show you how to do it in the example below.
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Example 1: Using The Preflop Odds Pot
Note: We will discuss examples of cash games, but this same process functions for hand tournaments too.
Suppose you play $ 0.50 / $ 1.00, 6-hand online money game. A player rises to $ 3 in cutoff and acts folded with you in the big blind. Your hand is. Let’s use our step-by-step process to find out if you can receive favorable calls based on your pot opportunities.
Step 1: Calculate the last pot size if you call. $ 3 (salary increase size) + $ 1 (your big blind) + $ 0.50 (small blind) + $ 2 (your call size) = $ 6.5 Note that the call size is only $ 2 because you have invested $ 1 as a big blind.
Step 2: Divide the size of the call to the final pan size. $ 2 Call Size / $ 6.5 Final Pot Size = 0.307
Step 3: multiply by 100 to get a percentage. 0.307 * 100 = 30.7% is required by equity.
Step 4: The value of whether your hand has enough equity to be contacted. Now, you must estimate your opponent’s range and calculate whether You have at least 30.7% equity against it. Because your opponents are lifted from CUTOFF, we will use the cutoff separation range of the UPSWing Lab training course as our estimate:
Then, we enter this range and your hands into the equity calculator (click here to download the free) to see if you have enough equity for a favorable call (remember, you need at least 30.7%):
Has 37% equity to the cutoff range, which means you can call profitable. There is one more factor in this calculation that exceeds the scope of this article. This is called equity realization, and you can learn it here.
Example 2: Using The Odds Pot With Draw
Let’s continue with the same hand: Cutoff rose to $ 3 at $ 0.50 / $ 1.00 online and you have in the big blind. Now you know that you have enough equity to call, so you do it. Flop comes. You checked into the Preflop Raiser and he bet $ 4 into a $ 6.50 pot. Let’s run our steps to find out if you can call this bet.
Step 1: Calculate the last pot size if you call. $ 6.50 (pot size) + $ 4 (bet size) + $ 4 (your call size) = $ 14.50
Step 2: Divide the size of the call to the final pan size. Call size $ 4 / $ 14.5 Final Pot Size = 0.276
Step 3: multiply by 100 to get a percentage. 0.276 * 100 = 27.6% is required to call.
Step 4: The value of whether your hand has enough equity to be contacted. To simplify this calculation, we will focus on your hands and skip estimate your opponent’s range. Let’s consider out:
- You have 9 out to create a flush, which means you will increase to flush ~ 18% of the time in turn (9 diamonds / 47 remaining cards).
- You have 6 out to make a partner (~ 12% chance), which can not only be the best hand, but also allows you to call bets in turn if your opponent makes it.
- You have 6 out to change the straight lottery (~ 12% chance). which allows you to call bets in turn if your opponent makes it.
- To add all this, your opponents will not always bet in turn when you skip one of your out, which means sometimes you will see a free river card and an additional 18% possibility to hit your flush.
You can see how we will reach our 27% equity needed that we need to call profitable.
Example 3: Use The Odds To Bluff-Catch On The River
Note: Bluff-catching is when you call a bet with a hand that can only beat your opponent’s cliffs. When deciding whether to bulge or not on the river, you always need to take into account your opponent’s range. Suppose you maintain your big blind vs Cutoff increase with. Flop comes and you check bets. The turn is and you check the bet again. Finally, the river is and your opponents bet $ 20 into a $ 40 pan. Time for our steps!
Step 1: Calculate the last pot size if you call.
$ 20 (bet size) + $ 40 (pot size) + $ 20 (your call size) = $ 80
Step 2: Divide the size of the call to the final pan size. Call size $ 20 / $ 80 Final Pot Size = 0.25
Step 3: multiply by 100 to get a percentage. 0.25 * 100 = 25%
Step 4: The value of whether your hand has enough equity to be contacted. To do this, we enter your opponent’s range and your hands in the equity calculator, but first we need to estimate the range you are facing. Given that he raised a preflope of Cutoff and bet three roads at, we will estimate that the value range is:
- Set 88 and 33 (99 items likely to play slowly on failure)
- Strong two pair: AA-TT, 98S, A9S
And the bulging range is all the missing straight errors: QJ, QT, JT, 76S, 75S, 65S, A5S, A4S. Because most of the poker players under snapping, we will cut the number of cliffs into two when we run the calculation. You have 46.58% equity to your opponent’s range, which means you can definitely call and show profits in this situation.
Odds pot shortcut – If you want to make your life easy on the table, you better memorize the list of possibilities of this pot and try to estimate based on the size of your opponent’s betting. This way you will be able to focus on other aspects of hand and make more profitable decisions.
Final Mind About Pot Opportunities
Pot opportunities are your friends at the poker table. You must always know the possibility of the pot you get if you want to make a good call consistently. Make sure you remember the table from above and use it the next time you play. That’s all for this article! I hope you enjoy it and that you have found it useful! Please drop the question or feedback in the comments section below. If you want to learn about important concepts that are highly related to potential pots, read this article about the use of implied opportunities. Until ‘next time, good luck, grinder!
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